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historical background of nepal

This was achieved by the Thapa family (1806–37) and, even more extensively, by the Rana family (1846–1951). Nepal is bordered by the Tibet, an Autonomous Region of China, to the north and India in the east, south and west. Southern Nepal, however, is a tropical monsoonal lowland, called the Tarai Plain. References to Nepal Valley and Nepal’s lower hill areas are found in the ancient Indian classics, suggesting that the Central Himalayan hills were closely related culturally and politically to the Gangetic Plain at least 2,500 years ago. The first Lichavi king of historical importance was Manadeva 1. Prince Siddharta Gautama (563-483 B.C. Nepal is a collision zone. In 1972, Mahendra's son Birendra succeeded him. Jaya Sthiti’s successor, Yaksha Malla (reigned c. 1429–c. Gyanendra was forced to abdicate in 2007, and the Maoists won democratic elections in 2008. The British withdrawal from India in 1947 deprived the Ranas of a vital external source of support and exposed the regime to new dangers. 1482), divided his kingdom among his three sons, thus creating the independent principalities of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon) in the valley. The regents and the nobility competed for political power, using the young rulers as puppets; both factions wanted a monopoly of political offices and power for their families, with their rivals exterminated, exiled to India, or placed in a subordinate status. Lichavi Dynasty . In the 3rd century BC the great Indian Emperor introduced Buddhism into Nepal. Nepali is one of the Indo-Aryan languages, related to European languages. Nepal also marks the collision point between Hinduism and Buddhism, between the Tibeto-Burmese language group and the Indo-European, and between Central Asian culture and Indian culture. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. by travelworldplanet updated on July 20, 2018 July 13, 2018 Leave a Comment on Most Famous Historical Monuments of Nepal. They established a centralized political system by absorbing dominant regional and local elites into the central administration at Kathmandu. Siddharta Gautama, born on 563 B.C.E. There were also numerous small principalities in the western and eastern hill areas, whose independence was sustained through a delicate balance of power based upon traditional interrelationships and, in some cases, common ancestral origins (or claims thereto) among the ruling families. Small kingdoms and tribal confederations controlled various areas of the Tarai Region in the south. One of the legacies of the Lichhavis is the Changu Narayan Temple near Bhaktapur, a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Culture), which dates back to the 5th Century. From 1775 to 1951, Nepalese politics was characterized by confrontations between the royal family and several noble families. Extensive cultural, trade, and political relations developed across the Himalayas, transforming the valley from a relatively remote backwater into the major intellectual and commercial centre between South and Central Asia. Situated in the lap of Himalayas is a country with unbelievably diverse topography and culture. In total, there are 103 castes or ethnic groups. Nepal’s rich prehistory consists mainly of the legendary traditions of the Newar, the indigenous community of Nepal Valley (now usually called Kathmandu Valley). There are usually both Buddhist and Brahmanic Hindu versions of these various legends. The population is primarily rural (Kathmandu, the largest city, has less than 1 million inhabitants). Nepal also marks the collision point between Hinduism and Buddhism, between the Tibeto-Burmese language group and the Indo-European, and between Central Asian culture and Indian culture. Nepal's history dates back to the time of the Gopalas and Mahishapalas who are believed to have been the earliest rulers of the valley with their capital at Matatirtha, the south-west corner of Kathmandu Valley. Other common languages in Nepal include Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Awadhi, Kiranti, Magar, and Sherpa. They made considerable progress, but successive setbacks in wars with China and Tibet (1788–92), with the Sikh kingdom in the Punjab (1809), with British India (1814–16), and again with Tibet (1854–56) frustrated Nepal and set the present boundaries of the kingdom. For geographic and historical reasons, most of Nepal’s trade is with India. This is a timeline of Nepalese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Nepal and its predecessor states. Gopal Dynasty (Ancient Period) The Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, was born in Lumbini, in southern Nepal. Nepal is one of the oldest countries in the world. The modern history of Nepal can be traced to the eighteenth century when the Gurkha Shah family assumed power and established its capital in Kathmandu. Temperatures reach 40°C in April and May. However, Buddhism (at about 11%) also exerts a lot of influence. Live below the poverty line ; in 2004, the Thapa historical background of nepal controlled 1806-37! Historical Monuments of Nepal is one of the Indo-Aryan languages, related to European historical background of nepal... Was a Lichhavi it encloses varieties from all around the 7th or century... 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