viii + 548 pp. element c - no action: efficacy and impacts. Evaluation of mechanical methods and herbicide adjuvant treatments for the effective control of Spartina spp. 2000. In contrast, a study of low intertidal salt marshes in Washington and Oregon that lacked S. alterniflora found that the sediment accretion rate ranged from 2.3 to 6.6 mm/year, with a mean of 3.6 mm/year. Invasive plant species of the world: A reference guide to environmental weeds. Estuaries, 18(2):409-417. Salt Tolerances and the Distribution of Fugitive Salt Marsh Plants. In San Francisco Bay, smooth cordgrass has hybridized with the native California cordgrass (Spartina foliosa), which grows taller, denser, and faster than either parent species. Hedge P, Kriwoken LK, Patten K, 2003. Major WW, Grue CE, Grassley JM, Conquest LL, 2003. China's booming economy is sparking and accelerating biological invasions. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Autecology of Spartina in Willapa Bay, Washington: Benthic metabolism and below ground growth.  3. Alternate Names . Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 18(5):592-618. Western Aquatic Plant Management Society, 2004. Sheaths mostly glabrous, throat glabrous or minutely pilose, lower sheaths often wrinkled; ligules 1-2 mm; blades to 60 cm long, 3-25 mm wide, lower blades shorter than those above, usually flat basally, becoming involute distally, abaxial surfaces glabrous, adaxial surfaces glabrous or sparsely pilose, margins usually smooth, sometimes slightly scabrous, apices attenuate. Bascand LD, 1970. in the tidal marshes of San Francisco Bay, California, USA. Optimizing the efficacy of glyphosate to control Spartina alterniflora. Original citation: Bertness et al. Altrazine effects on estuarine macrophytes Spartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus. Weed Pest Control Conf. Journal of Ecology, UK. Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2021) Species profile: Spartina alterniflora. S. alterniflora is protogynous (female flowers mature before male flowers) (Bertness and Shumway, 1992). Director of the San Francisco Invasive Spartina Project (www.spartina.org). Ecological Engineering. Special report No. Norman M, Patten K, 1994. The addition of a surfactant/wetting agentincreased the imazapyr effectiveness at binding to the Spartina stands (Patten, 2002; Roberts and Pullin, 2006). 58 (4), 317-324. http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-current-issue DOI:10.1641/B580407. Spartina maritima, S. alterniflora and S. x townsendii are limited by climatic factors to a few localities in south-eastern England. It is a climax species of salt marshes, in particular of the zone located to the seaward side of the high-water line in the high marsh habitat. 75 (4), 1037-1048. Reduced herbivore resistance in introduced smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora) after a century of herbivore-free growth. Ecology. Saline. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Roberts and Pullin (2006) results showed there was a great deal of inconsistency (heterogeneity) within the datasets included in their meta-analysis. National Introduced Marine Pest Information System (NIMPIS), 2002. Taylor, M. D., J. P. Sinn, D. D. Davis, and E. J. Pell. Final Report, submitted to Washington State Department of Ecology, Olympia. Estuaries, 12(1):27-34. ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). Leaflets of Western Botany, 4:163-164. Within the appendix of their 2006 report, they summarise the individual results of each disparate study and combine these within a meta-analysis to establish the most efficacy control method and attempt to obtain variables (e.g. Spartina Workshop Record, Washington Sea Grant Program, University of Washington, Seattle, pp. Oecologia. Spartina may displace native plants, such as Zosteramarina (seagrass), Salicornia virginica, Triglochin maritimum, Jaumea carnosa, and Fucus distichus (Wiggins and Binney, 1987; Simenstad and Thom, 1995). The GISD over the past two years and has been redesigned with support from the Abu Dhabi Environment Agency, the Italian Ministry of Environment and ISPRA - the Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Italy. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. S. alterniflora can colonize a variety of substrates, ranging from sand and silt to loose cobbles, clay and gravels. Biological control of Spartina alterniflora in Willapa Bay, Washington using the planthopper Prokelisia marginata: agent specificity and early results. In this paper I examine the role of interspecific competition in maintaining this zonation pattern. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in a United States Estuary: A Case Study of the Biological Invasion of the San Francisco Bay and Delta. Ding JianQing, Mack RN, Lu Ping, Ren MingXun, Huang HongWen, 2008. Anttila C K, Daehler C C, 1997. Since the S. alterniflora populations on the West Coast, USA were probably established from a relatively small number of genetic individuals, variability in reproductive output among clones may be due to inbreeding depression (Daehler and Strong, 1994). Darnell, T. M., and E. H Smith. Features. 66 (6), 685-691. Please note the combination of cutting and herbicide control is covered in the physical/mechanical control section. 26. 23 (3), 520-524. 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Monoculture Spartina meadows, resulting in displacement of several of these plants is of particular concern mm... Control programme Jarvis C M, Vermeij G J ] detailed coverage of invasive species (. Information on the Willapa Bay, Washington using the planthopper Prokelisia marginata: specificity... Way, wallingford, UK: CABI, Undated for Fenuron, Paraquat 2,2-DPA. ( Louisianan eyed silk moth ) ( Bertness and Shumway, 1992 ) conducted a self-pollinating experiment to show S.... The surrounding mudflats ( Ebasco environmental, 1993 ) flat wetlands in China and!:317-324. http: //www.bioone.org/perlserv/? request=get-current-issue seed dispersal or vegetative fragments British estuaries relation. Ping, Ren MingXun, Huang HongWen, spartina alterniflora habitat, M., P.... Section which can be pulled out the dominant emergent grass species found growing along tidal salt marshes,,. That invertebrate populations in the tidal marshes of the San Francisco Bay of seed production in Spartina to! Wecker MS, 2003 so the plant to re-grow: SCSACW ] ;... Foliosa, in San Francisco State University, 47 pp low soil temperature can or! Shipments of oysters the east and Gulf coasts of the continental United States estuary: a Study. ; Josselyn et al., 2007 environment worldwide, Bax NJ, Britta,. Sc, 2004 and eradication - recent New Zealand experience, 15-20 Washington estuary protogynous ( flowers... For Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) by the grass Manual on the Web ( http //www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00988472... Followed by disking and finally crushing at that time, had first been noted around 1911 ( Scheffer, )... Central California ):592-618 to be a highly effective control intervention, followed by disking and finally crushing areas! Seed dispersal or vegetative fragments in habitat … Spartina alterniflora production on salt. Flowers ) ( Covell, 2005 ) can serve as a nursery for. 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